Phenomenological Attitude and Scientific Rationality at Edmund Husserl Cover Image

Phenomenological Attitude and Scientific Rationality at Edmund Husserl
Phenomenological Attitude and Scientific Rationality at Edmund Husserl

Author(s): NELA MIRCICĂ
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Editura Lumen, Asociatia Lumen
Keywords: phenomenological reduction; pure conscience; intentionality; perception; sight; aim; rigorous science.

Summary/Abstract: Phenomenology constitutes an important stage in the evolution of the interrelation between philosophy and science in the field of knowledge. With the unprecedented development of the scientific knowledge (during the eighteenth century and nineteenth century). thinkers began to pay attention to the issues raised by phenomenology. Edmund Husserl founded phenomenology on the pressing needs to solve a scientific problem: he noted that formal logic at that time could not support the extremely high-level acquired by mathematics. Seeking a solution to this problem, concluded that mathematical entities, irreducible to the knowledge obtained by inductive-deductive method, are purely logical in nature and a part of the sphere of pure ideas existing in themselves. Thus, Husserl conceived the existence of pure ideas, which are irreducible, located before any other existence and are located at the level of pure conscience. As a consequence, a new theoretical structure called phenomenology was born, studying intentional consciousness that develops knowledge through aiming. Therefore, Husserl was concerned with conscience and its purpose in the process of knowledge. Analyzing his argument, we note that Husserl uses explanations provided by psychology, found itself in a continuous becoming; the psychological explanations of the concrete conscience are undertaken by Husserl, within pure conscience (existing beyond the concrete, at the level of the pure existence). he conceived. This proves that this philosophical system is configured around the problems that science confronts, and supports science in consolidating its arguments. Rigorous science the one identified by Husserl, as the perfect philosophy, is in fact a psychological explanation (more exactly, an explanation of the cognitive psychology) at the level of pure conscience. Husserl covers a trajectory going from the concrete to the abstract and again back to the concrete, using the reasoning tools of psychology. The methodology of the establishing the phenomenological truth implies the phenomenological reduction, developed in stages, involving also the abilities of the human psychic to make abstraction of diverse elements and emphasize what is essential for a phenomenon. He started from the functions of reasoning, emphasized by psychology, to create a philosophical system able to explain the problems of science. This thinker knew to elaborate the phenomenological attitude on the foundation of the scientific rationality and to consolidate as well philosophy as science, aware of their interdependence and proving it, too.

  • Issue Year: II/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 273-283
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: English