Outline of the History of the Kraków Branch of the Jewish Population’s Health Care Association in Poland (1927-1939) Cover Image
  • Price 2.50 €

Zarys historii krakowskiego oddziału Towarzystwa Ochrony Zdrowia Ludności Żydowskiej w Polsce (1927-1939)
Outline of the History of the Kraków Branch of the Jewish Population’s Health Care Association in Poland (1927-1939)

Author(s): Anna Jakimyszyn-Gadocha
Subject(s): History, Jewish Thought and Philosophy, History of Judaism
Published by: Żydowski Instytut Historyczny
Keywords: Health Care Association; health service; Kraków Jews

Summary/Abstract: The Jewish Population’s Health Care Association, better known by its Polish acronym TOZ, was established in 1920. It engaged in actions aimed at improving the sanitary and hygienic standards of the Jewish population by means of setting up physical education institutions and facilities, providing medical care to children and youth, and combating communicable diseases taking a toll on the Jewish population. The Association had its branches in many towns. The one in Kraków was established in 1927. This article looks at its history until the outbreak of World War II. It examines the mechanism of its operation, scope of activity and the area where its presence was felt. The analyses made are based on source materials from the collections of the National Archives in Kraków and the archives of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, leaflets and information appearing in the press at the time. They warrant the assertion that the branch fulfilled its aims by providing sanitary and medical assistance to Jewish as well as non-Jewish inhabitants of Kraków.

  • Issue Year: 260/2016
  • Issue No: 04
  • Page Range: 931-955
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: Polish