The concept of brutishness (thēriotēs) in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Cover Image

Koncepcja bestialstwa (thēriotēs) w Etyce Nikomachejskiej Arystotelesa
The concept of brutishness (thēriotēs) in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics

Author(s): Maria Marcinkowska-Rosół
Subject(s): Philosophy, Language and Literature Studies, Studies of Literature, History of Philosophy, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Greek Literature, Other Language Literature, Ancient Philosphy, Philology
Published by: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Keywords: brutishness / beastliness; vice; akrasia; moral psychology; Nicomachean Ethics; Aristotle

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the „brutishness” or „beastliness” (thēriotēs), a concept introduced by Aristotle in the seventh book of the Nicomachean Ethics and defined by him as a negative ethical disposition, different both from vice (kakia) and from incontinence (akrasia), and leading to such pathological behaviours as canibalism, paedophilia, omophagia, phobias and compulsions. Aristotle’s statements concerning the brutishness (VII 1, 1145a15-35, VII 5, 1148b15-1149a24 and VII 6, 1149b23-1150a8) are examined and interpreted in order to clarify the following issues: the essence of the thēriotēs as a specific ethical disposition (Part I-II), its concrete forms and their causes (Part III), the moral-psychological condition of persons with a brutish hexis (Part IV), and their self-consciousness and moral responsibility for their bestial acts (Part V).

  • Issue Year: 64/2016
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 53-88
  • Page Count: 36
  • Language: Polish