February 11, 1866: From „Revolution” to Coup d’État (a short case analysis) Cover Image

11 februarie 1866: de la „revoluţie” la lovitură de stat. (O scurtă analiză de caz)
February 11, 1866: From „Revolution” to Coup d’État (a short case analysis)

Author(s): Ştefan Stanciu
Subject(s): Political history, 19th Century
Published by: Muzeul de Istorie „Paul Păltănea” Galaţi

Summary/Abstract: The coup d’état from February 1866 is the first event of this kind in the modern and contemporary history of Romania. Subsequently, similar scenarios occurred in 1930, 1940, 1944, 1947 and 1989, of course, with different purposes and different protagonists. But they can neither be compared, nor analysed from a similar perspective with the event from February 1866. The modern and contemporary “plotters” have presented their actions as “revolutions”, in accord with the will of the people, which represents an extreme position and a blameable historical fakery. On February 11, 1866, the planners of the coup d’état chased Alexandru Ioan I away for personal and group interests, being legitimated neither by the people, nor by the international conventions established by the Great Powers of those days. After 14 decades, even if the event could be thoroughly and honestly analysed, the explanations given by the historians generally don’t represent the result of a complete and non-partisan analysis. The article hereto embarks upon an analysis of the limits of the loyalty of politicians and responsible institutions, without laying the blame on anyone due to lack of proofs. Our contribution consists in presenting several essential aspects of the event: the irresponsibility of plotters who put the unified Romania – this centuries-old dream of the people – in danger, the lack of diplomatic and media aspects of the actions and, the most serious thing, the presentation of the “revolution” as a legitimate action performed in the name of the entire nation.

  • Issue Year: XXIV/2006
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 99-114
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Romanian