The status of

За статута на "чуждите думи" в български и чешки език
The status of "loan words" in the Bulgarian and Czech languages

Author(s): Yordanka Trifonova
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Foreign languages learning, Theoretical Linguistics, Applied Linguistics, Lexis, Philology, Translation Studies
Published by: Софийски университет »Св. Климент Охридски«
Keywords: lexical borrowing; loan words; lexical interaction; contact motivation; Bulgarian language; Czech language

Summary/Abstract: The study analyses and compares the interpretation of concepts „lexical borrowing“ and „loan words“ in the Bulgarian and Czech linguistic literature of XX century. It is suggested in the synchronous study of vocabulary the etymological criterion to be replaced by structural one and the traditionally inherited concept lexical borrowing – by „lexical interaction“. It is presented arguments in defence of the thesis that from a structural point of view there are more reasons the so called process of borrowing to be defined as „contact motivation“, i.e. as one of onomasiologique processes by which the new words are formed.