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Множествената реализируемост и нейните критици
Multiple Realizability and Its Critics

Author(s): Anton Donchev
Subject(s): Metaphysics, Epistemology, Logic, Contemporary Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: Hilary Putnam; philosophy of mind; analytic philosophy; multiple realizability; mind-body problem; psychology

Summary/Abstract: Hilary Putnam, one of the most famous analytical philosophers of the 20th century, died in 2016. His intellectual legacy extends to many areas of analytic philosophy and, beyond philosophy, to mathematics and computer science. The present article is focused on his particular contribution to the philosophy of mind – the thesis of the multiple realizability of mental states. Multiple realizability is among the most influential arguments in the debate on the mind-body problem and on the relationship between psychology and “the more fundamental” natural sciences (neuroscience, physiology, biology, physics, etc.).The article presents a brief overview of multiple realizability. In the first part, the author introduces the concept, and in the second part presents a reconstruction of the main argument of multiple realizability, as well as the most frequent applications of the concept in the philosophy of mind. In the third part, some of the most influential critiques of multiple realizability are reviewed.

  • Issue Year: XXVI/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 92-98
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: English, Bulgarian