Categorii ale cunoașterii aplicate lumii socialului în filosofia lui Mihai Șora
Author(s): Victor Eugen Gelan
Mapping the social world in the philosophy of Mihai Șora
Contributor(s): Titus Lates (Editor)
Subject(s): History of Philosophy
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: being; appearance; existence; social reality; social action; ontological model; ontological imperative; the gift/phenomenon of Encounter; relation; interval.
Summary/Abstract: This paper analyses the way in which the conceptual apparatus of Mihai Șora’s ontology (e.g. the ontological model and the categories of knowledge proposed by this model) is applied to the social world. By the means of this inquiry I – in agreement with the perspective of the Romanian philosopher – aim to shed light on the manner in which the social reality gets constituted and what is the signification of the social action. In order to fulfil these goals I shall compare Șora’s approach with two other philosophical theories: one by Martin Buber, who, in his work Ich und Du (1923) discusses the relation I-You (Ich-Du) and the relation I-That One (Ich-Es) and the other by Alfred Schütz, who in his Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt (1932) puts forward one phenomenological doctrine that emphasizes the contrast between the personal relations subsumed to the category of ’We’ and the impersonal relationship described by ’Those’. Șora’s correspondent for these relations appears encapsulated by the couple to be (the entitative relation) vs. to have (the relation of possession). The concept of relation and that of interval are two of the most important notions that I address in my study. I shall also take use in another original concept by Șora that is the gift of encounter / the phenomenon of encounter which may be of interest for both the phenomenological analysis of reality and the phenomenology of life and the social world.
- Issue Year: XII/2016
- Issue No: 12
- Page Range: 96-108
- Page Count: 13
- Language: Romanian