Eucharistic icons of Jesus Christ in the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova Cover Image

Hristos Euharistic în colecţia de icoane a Muzeului Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei
Eucharistic icons of Jesus Christ in the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Author(s): Adelaida Chiroşca
Subject(s): History
Published by: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei
Keywords: Eucharist; liturgy; altar; communion; vine; cross; chalice

Summary/Abstract: Many icons from the collection of the Museum are devoted to the theme of the Eucharist - the iconographic types of "The Last Supper" and "Jesus Christ "The Vine". This article presents an iconographic type less well-known in our area - "Jesus Christ "The Vine", which is reflected on the three icons from the museum. Eucharist is one of the great sacraments in which Jesus Christ, presaging the sacrifice of the Cross, gives his disciples bread and wine in the chalice referring to the bread as "my body" and the wine as "my blood". Icons from the Museum's collection represent the general scheme of this type of icons: the Savior is depicted sitting on the altar table, behind Him - the Cross, vines with grapes grows from His rib and He presses the grapes with both hands into the chalice, supported by an angel. On the left side another angel holds a large rolled scroll. On the two icons, in the upper part of the composition, two angels hold scrolls with inscriptions, on one of the icons in the Romanian language, on the other in the Old Slavonic: "one who eats My Body", "one who drinks My Blood".

  • Issue Year: X/2016
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 301-316
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Romanian