Demographic Aspects of Human Capital Development in Russia and Its Regions Cover Image

Демографические аспекты развития человеческого капитала в России и ее регионах
Demographic Aspects of Human Capital Development in Russia and Its Regions

Author(s): Vladimir Alekseyevich Iontsev, Aminat Gimbatovna Magomedova
Subject(s): Economy, Geography, Regional studies
Published by: Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук
Keywords: demographic development; demographic crisis; human capital; migration; brain drain; demographic processes management; regional indexes of quality of the population; regional human development index;

Summary/Abstract: In the article, the current demographic situation that has developed in Russia and can be described as a demographic crisis isanalysed. One of its most important characteristics is the negative qualitative changes that occur in the population. Modern informationtechnology contributes a lot to this process. The negative qualitative changes in the population, which have begun in the second halfof the 1980s and have increased in present-day Russia, prevent the development of human capital in the country. In addition to that,the authors give their own interpretation of the concept of "human capital". The purpose of the paper is to justify the primacy of thedemographic factor in the formation and development of human capital. Migration in the form of a brain drain also has a negativeimpact on the development of human capital in Russia and its regions. The human development index calculated for the countryas a whole and for its regions confirms the above-mentioned. In the paper, the methods of demographic analysis, the demographicindicators and indexes, which can serve to analyse the qualitative characteristics of the population, are utilized. The authors arrive atthe conclusion that at the present stage, it is impossible to develop human capital without solving the demographic problems. This isespecially true for some regions of Russia.Awareness of this will contribute to the more efficient management of demographic processes, which, in turn, will guarantee thepositive development of human capital, strengthening and development of the Russian economy and society as a whole.

  • Issue Year: 2015/2015
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 89-102
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Russian