On Illyrian Component of Population in Southeastern Part of Lower Pannonia According to Contemporary Research Cover Image

Pitanje ilirske komponente stanovništva jugoistočnog dela Donje Panonije u savremenim istraživanjima
On Illyrian Component of Population in Southeastern Part of Lower Pannonia According to Contemporary Research

Author(s): Milena Milin
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Balkanološki institut - Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti
Keywords: Lower Pannonia; Illyrian population; Illyrians;

Summary/Abstract: Following the Symposium on distribution of the Illyrians (4th to 2nd centuries B.C., Sarajevo, 1964), the view that the northern border of the Illyrians ran along the line even much southerner than the Sava (nn. 2-8) has been firmly established in our archeology; this attitude has been extended to the Illyrian tribes in Roman times (n. 7). At the same time, historians of the pre-Roman and Roman periods in the Balkans still hold the view of predominantly Illyrian origin of the tribes from Lower Pannonia, between the Danube and the lower course of the Sava river (n. 9), based on contemporary historiographic, epigraphic and linguistic evidence. Therefore, the author dwelled on the issue whether the Illyrian name, and in which meaning, may be applied to the inhabitants of Lower Pannonia in the Roman times as well. According to ancient literary sources (Strabo and Appian) it follows that the Pannonian tribes in the ancient times were deemed to be Illyrian (pp. 50-51). Furthermore, in mythology, Pannonios was the descendant of Illyrios (App. Illyr. 2; cf. Papazoglu 1969, 265 n. 233), which indicates the awarenes of common origins of Lower Pannonian and other Illyrian tribes. Important evidence for this issue is deemed to be anthroponyms as well; Pannonian names in the research to date have shown to be different from Illyrian (p. 55 with notes). The author gives the examples of names Dassius and Liccaius, epigraphically confirmed among the Breuci and Amantini (p. 54, note 30, and p. 55 with notes), which she considers to have originated from Illyrian territory proper; this thesis is corroborated by a wax tablet from Dacia, where the anthroponyms Dassius Verzonis, Pirusta ex Kavieretio and Liccaius Epicadi were recorded (tab. cer. VI; cf. p. 8). As is well known, parts of the Illyrian population from southern Dalmatia were relocated to work in Dacia mines; that this is the case here as well is proved by referring to an Illyrian ethnic, Pirusta, as well as the name of the village. On account of the closeness in spiritual and cultural spheres, the awareness of the common mythical forefather, similarities or sameness in anthroponyms, there is no justification, at least regarding the Roman times, for distinguishing the inhabitants of Pannonia from the rest of Illyrians, even if the issue of their ethnical connection or identicalness is not taken in consideration.

  • Issue Year: 2001
  • Issue No: XXXII-XXXI
  • Page Range: 49-61
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Serbian