The postwar architecture of the Soviet Moldova Cover Image

Arhitectura din perioada postbelică a Moldovei sovietice
The postwar architecture of the Soviet Moldova

Author(s): Tamara Nesterov
Subject(s): Architecture
Published by: Institutul Patrimoniului Cultural al Academiei de Științe a Moldovei
Keywords: postwar architecture; restoration; soviet classicism; socialist realism; creation; excess of ornaments

Summary/Abstract: After the formation of the Soviet Socialistic Republic of Moldova in August 1944, the cities, through which the World War II warfront passed, started to be restored. Urban planning was concentrated in design institutes employing architects from Bessarabia, who returned from evacuation, and architects arrived from the USSR. The restoration of dilapidated historic buildings for administrative offices was done by broadening their special and volumetric structure and the simplification of the architecture. Because of the fast rhythm of restoration, few architectural monuments correspond to their original appearance. The ruined buildings were replaced by new buildings, designed in the spirit of Russian classicism and socialistic realism with the reproduction of Italian Renaissance architecture composition. Planning in architecture obtained a new character: following internal competitions, the design that met most requirements was selected and sent to a brigade to make the draft for execution.

  • Issue Year: XXV/2016
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 96-103
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Romanian