European Legitimism and Serbian Revolution Cover Image

European Legitimism and Serbian Revolution
European Legitimism and Serbian Revolution

Author(s): Nikola Samardžić
Subject(s): Diplomatic history, 19th Century, Period(s) of Nation Building
Published by: HESPERIAedu
Keywords: Congress of Vienna; The First Serbian Uprising; The Second Serbian Uprising; revolution; Enlightenment

Summary/Abstract: The Congress of Vienna (1814–1815) promoted legitimist, aristocratic and clerical reaction, facing the consequences of various revolutions, uprises and Napoleonic reforms. New international order was to preserve the stability of borders and mutual political and caste solidarity. On the other hand remained the permanent discontent of citizenship, and a new reality that lurked beneath the layers of intellectual reflections on the character and the rights of nations, whose leadership restored order and imposed boundaries considered as tyrannical and unjust. One example in this respect was the Second Serbian Uprising, the next stage of the Serbian revolution, begun in 1804. Although it was a local movement placed on peripheral boundaries of both Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the Secon Serbian Uprising has emphasized the legitimacy of the nation. Previously, the first European liberals in Spain, although rebels against Napoleon, had advocated similar aspirations afterwards accepted by the Italian Carbonari and the Greek Filiki Eteria. The long-term successfulness of South European liberation movements, including the Serbian Revolution (1804–1830), was proof of long lasting unsteadiness of reconstructed European order.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 11-22
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: English