Attention functioning and level of reading skills in early school children Cover Image

Funkcjonowanie uwagi a poziom umiejętności czytania u dzieci w wieku wczesnoszkolnym
Attention functioning and level of reading skills in early school children

Author(s): Anna Nowotnik
Subject(s): Education
Published by: Instytut Badań Edukacyjnych
Keywords: cognitive psychology; attention span; comprehension; decoding; inhibitory control; reading skill

Summary/Abstract: The paper presents results of research on the level of reading skill and attention functioning in early school children. The study involved 256 I–III grade elementary school children, each grade numbering roughly one third of the sample population. Two dimensions of reading skills (decoding and reading comprehension) were measured by PROLEXIA test and five attention parameters (concentration, perceptivity, impulsivity, inattention and cognitive inhibition) were measured. The three colour version of the Stroop Test was applied as a cognitive inhibition task. The D2 Test of Attention by Brickenkamp was used to measure concentration, perceptual abilities, impulsiveness and inattention. Cluster analysis was used for all ages. Five significantly different groups of all participating children were identified, respectively labelled as: "uncoordinated," "average," "impulsive," "focused" and "distracted" according to attention function. In the cases of decoding and comprehension there were statistically significant differences in literacy levels between "focused", who produced significantly higher reading scores than the "uncoordinated" and "average".

  • Issue Year: 121/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 37-53
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Polish