Trends and Peculiarities in Training Specialists in the System of Higher Education Cover Image

Тенденції та особливості підготовки фахівців у системі вищої освіти
Trends and Peculiarities in Training Specialists in the System of Higher Education

Author(s): Vladislava Zhukova
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Economy, National Economy, Sociology, Human Resources in Economy, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Кіровоградський національний технічний університет
Keywords: Education; higher education; universities; educational services; quality of higher education

Summary/Abstract: The trends and characteristics of training in higher education in Ukraine with due regard for its reforming in accordance with the requirements of the Bologna process are examined in the article. The directions of reforming the higher education system of Ukraine in accordance with the objectives of the Bologna Declaration have been characterized. The indices of activities of universities in Ukraine and financing of higher education have been analyzed. The classification of types of imbalance in the skilled labor market of young professionals have been made, which, in addition to traditional types - quantitative and qualitative imbalance - was supplemented by such species as territorial imbalance (lack of young staff necessary qualification within the depressed regions or their parts) and motivational imbalance (low motivation to work on as a result of irrational choice of field of study). The measures of improving and deepening the relationships with the real economy in the context of improving the quality of higher education have been proposed. The necessity of ensuring the conformity of job places with the requirements and expectations of young professionals on the level of payments and working conditions, career opportunities and professional growth, preventing disproportions and regional asymmetries regarding quality of training and quality of job places have been substantiated.