OPPOSITION OF TWO MORAL PARADIGMS: “LOVE FOR ONE’S NEIGHBOR” AND “LOVE FOR A DISTANT PERSON” Cover Image

СТОЛКНОВЕНИЕ ДВУХ НРАВСТВЕННЫХ ПАРАДИГМ: «ЛЮБВИ К БЛИЖНЕМУ» И «ЛЮБВИ К ДАЛЬНЕМУ»
OPPOSITION OF TWO MORAL PARADIGMS: “LOVE FOR ONE’S NEIGHBOR” AND “LOVE FOR A DISTANT PERSON”

Author(s): Evgeniya Olegovna Dubrovnaya
Subject(s): Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Existentialism, Ontology
Published by: Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Keywords: morality; love for one’s neighbor; love for a distant person; suffering and compassion; death;

Summary/Abstract: In this paper, we compare two moral paradigms existing in our society: “love for one’s neighbor” (or Agape), which has developed within the Christian ethical system, and “love for a distant person”, which is proposed by a number of philosophers. We try to show aspects that characterize positively the concept of “love for a distant person” as understood by F. Nietzsche and prove that this principle carries an active and creative basis, which allows a person to act in accordance with the ideals of love, justice and harmony. We also study in detail such philosophical categories as suffering and compassion, which define a person’s life in the ontological aspect.