Ecological Aspects of the Assessment of Quality of Life Cover Image

Экологические аспекты оценки качества жизни
Ecological Aspects of the Assessment of Quality of Life

Author(s): Yelena Viktorovna Ryumina
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук
Keywords: ecological indicators; ecological conditions; tests of air and water; quality of life; quality of the population; human development index; region; state of environment; impact on environment;

Summary/Abstract: The article is devoted to the search of indicators, which reflect the ecological conditions and environmental behaviourand can be used for economic analysis. This environmental and economic issue still remains unsolved. The indicators of theemissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere and water objects, which are used in many economic works, characterizethe future impact on the environment and cannot adequately reflect its state. From the ecologists’ point of view, the result of theenvironmental monitoring are, in particular, the indicators of the tests of air and water exceeding MPC (maximum permissibleconcentration) in a total number of the studied tests as a percentage. They have been already included in a number of officialstatistical bulletins. The paper shows their advantages for a concise accounting of a state of the environment in economic.The regional values of the chosen indicators are studied and various hypotheses of their strong differentiation are analyzed.The introduction of the ecological component to the indicators of quality of life as well as to the human development index isespecially important at present time. The authors propose to use the indicator of a share of the negative tests of water and airas an additional fourth component in the human development index. The results of the calculation of the ecologically correctedindex of human development for all entities of the Russian Federation are presented. It differs significantly for a number ofregions from the traditional index of human development.

  • Issue Year: 12/2016
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 1113-1122
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Russian