Corporate Violations Of Human Rights And Possibilities Of Criminal-Law Protection Cover Image

Povrede ljudskih prava od strane korporacija i mogućnosti krivičnopravne zaštite
Corporate Violations Of Human Rights And Possibilities Of Criminal-Law Protection

Author(s): Božidar Banović, Mladen M. Milošević
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence
Published by: Универзитет у Нишу
Keywords: human rights; corporate crime; corporate criminal liability; criminallaw protection

Summary/Abstract: Corporate crime became a serious criminal phenomenon on a national, regional, and global level. The fact that a large number of states have decided to start punishing corporations with criminal sanctions is the result of an objective examination of social reality, which has unequivocally shown that serious crimes are continually committed on behalf of and for the benefit of legal persons, and that those acts inflict serious damage to states, society, and individual rights. This paper explains the concept and the main characteristics of corporate crime and presents its similarities with and differences from related forms of criminal conduct. The violation of human rights by legal persons is classified according to the object of criminal-law protection, i.e. according to the nature and importance of the right that has been violated. Review and analysis of paradigmatic examples of threats and violations of human rights include criminal activities of legal entities in the fields of protection of life, liberty and security, political rights, environmental and human health, and the right to safe and healthy work. The paper then presents prominent cases of corporate violations of human rights and analyzes the concept of corporate criminal liability as an adequate response to the challenges of corporate crime. Finally, the paper provides an overview of Serbian criminal legislation in this field.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 03
  • Page Range: 1253-1271
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Serbian