Історія та перспективи формування спеціалізованої трудової юстиції в Україні.
History and prospects of establishment of specialized labour justice in Ukraine.
Subject(s): History of Law, Recent History (1900 till today), Labor relations, 18th Century, 19th Century
Published by: Wydawnictwo Wyższej Szkoły Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi w Józefowie
Keywords: Labour justice; labour dispute; court; individual labour dispute; collective labour dispute;
Summary/Abstract: The article reveals historical and legal aspects of labour justice establishment and development in Ukraine. There is no specialized labour justice in Ukraine. At the same time, since the proclamation of the country’s independence the reform of national judicial system has been continually discussed and is still topical. Is spite of repetitive attempts to change the situation according to call of the times, the system aimed at protection of citizens’ rights, freedoms and interests still needs improvement. According to the Constitution of Ukraine human beings, their life and health, honour and dignity, inviolability and safety are the highest social value, human and civil rights and freedoms determine the essence and orientation of governmental activities. So there is a need for establishment of a judicial system capable to protect, the right to work. The above mentioned facts suggest that a historical and juridical analysis of the process of labour justice establishment in Ukraine needs to be carried out. As it is defined in the Basic Law, the system of courts of general jurisdiction in Ukraine is based on the principles of territoriality and specialization. Thus, specialization of courts is one of the factors of development of Ukraine’s justice. Labour justice, as a rule, is an element of judicial branch of power in most countries all over the world. In Ukraine, however, labour disputes are tried by courts of general jurisdiction. Some labour disputes, namely collective labour disputes, remain beyond the national system of justice. Thus, the aim of the publication is to study historical heritage of establishment and development of labour justice in Ukraine.
- Issue Year: 18/2013
- Issue No: 3
- Page Range: 119-132
- Page Count: 14
- Language: English