The establishment of albanian-turkish relations IN THE 1920’S Cover Image

The establishment of albanian-turkish relations IN THE 1920’S

Author(s): Ilirjana Kaceli
Subject(s): History
Published by: Qendra e Studimeve Albanologjike
Keywords: establishment of albanian-turkish relations ; 1920’S

Summary/Abstract: After the Conference of Ambassadors’ decision of 9 November 1921 about the recognition of Albania’s independence and its government, Tirana considered as a priority the establishment of diplomatic relations with other countries. In this context, the establishment of diplomatic relations with Turkey was considered of primary importance as a large group of Albanian immigrants, who had immigrated before 28 November 1912 but also after that date, lived and worked there. These relations were considered important for Turkey as well. On 1st of March 1922, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in a speech held in the General National Assembly speaking about the attitude of the Turkish people toward the Albanians, would stress the early ties and also the future of the relations between the two countries. In December 1922, when Ahmet Zogu came to power, the interests of Albania and the situation inside the country required the establishment of balanced relations with the other Balkan countries. Under these new political circumstances, and with the added incentive of the Albanian immigrants in Turkey, the Albanian government would seek and try to establish the diplomatic relations with the Turkish government of Ankara. After the official invitation of Ankara the Albanian government sent to the Turkish capital a delegation headed by Eshref Frasheri, speaker of the parliament. On 15th of December 1923 in Ankara, as a conclusion of prolonged talks were signed three agreements knows as “The Treaty of Friendship”. These three agreements were: the agreement on the establishment of diplomatic relations, the agreement on residency and the agreement on citizenship. These agreements were not immediately implemented. First, they were ratified in February and April 1925 by the respective parliaments. However, these diplomatic relations would last only for a couple of years. The proclamation of the Albanian Monarchy in 1928 would not be welcomed by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and this would cause tensions in the relations between the two countries.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 03-04
  • Page Range: 155-177
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Albanian