Сluster approach in innovation development of economic: conceptual bases and directions of realization Cover Image

Кластерный подход в инновационном развитии экономики: концептуальные основы и направления реализации
Сluster approach in innovation development of economic: conceptual bases and directions of realization

Author(s): Galyna Yasheva
Subject(s): National Economy, Regional Geography, Economic policy, Political economy, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Переяслав-Хмельницький державний педагогічний університет імені Григорія Сковороди
Keywords: cluster; cluster approach; clustering; cluster policy; innovation; innovation-industrial cluster; strategic development; competitiveness; innovation activity

Summary/Abstract: Subject of research – methods of forming the cluster approach to innovative development of economy.Research purpose – to prove the directions in innovative development of economy in Belarus on the basisrealization of cluster approach.Research problems:• to carry out the analysis on innovative activities in the Republic of Belarus;• to prove a role the clusters in innovative development of national economy;• to determine the directions in the organization the innovation- industrial clusters in economy the Republic of Belarus.Methodology and methods of research. In research general scientific and special methods of knowledge wereapplied: analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, statistical analysis, system approach, method of expertevaluations; as methodology of research cluster approach to development of national economy was used.Problems of innovative activities in Republic of Belarus are identified, including: weak line items of the country in anassessment of the institutional environment; reducing number of the innovation-active organizations; decrease inspecific weight of the shipped innovative production; low value of specific weight in the shipped innovative production(works, services) new to the world market; a lack of own money for innovations.The cluster’s essence from the point of view self-organization of economic systems on the basis of networkcooperation and public-private partnership is determined; the role of clusters in innovative development andincrease the competitiveness of national economy is proved.On a basis the author developed in this article of the cluster concept and taking into account specifics ofsocial and economic state of the economy of Belarus, extent of development of civil society, the principlesforming of cluster has determined policy in Belarus, the purposes of cluster policy and subjects of carrying outpolicy. Measures of the state support of clusterization, and also a measure for providing cluster initiatives andcooperation, including organizational support of cluster initiatives, communicative ensuring cooperation andeconomic incentives on cooperation subjects of a cluster in innovations, education, marketing are developed.The scientific value are the formulated concept a cluster from the point of view in self-organization ofeconomic systems on the basis of network cooperation and public-private partnership; factors of activizationinnovations in a cluster, the principles and the purposes of cluster policy. Developed measures on the statesupport of clusterization, and also a measure for providing cluster initiatives and cooperation have the practicalimportance. The offered mechanisms in implementation of cluster approach in innovative development ofeconomy can be used by bodies of the public and regional government in case of development in innovativestrategy and cluster projects. The provided directions in forming of cluster policy will allow management’ssubjects to develop and realize the cluster strategy directed to use on a factor of innovations in a sustainabledevelopment and increase competitiveness of economy at all levels.

  • Issue Year: 1/2016
  • Issue No: 29
  • Page Range: 46-56
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Russian