The US, Canada and EU Experience in Managing Economic Development of Depressed Areas Cover Image

Досвід США, Канади та країн ЄС в управлінні економічним розвитком депресивних територій
The US, Canada and EU Experience in Managing Economic Development of Depressed Areas

Author(s): Yurii Malakhovskyi
Subject(s): Economy, National Economy, Business Economy / Management, Human Resources in Economy, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Кіровоградський національний технічний університет
Keywords: Poverty; deprived areas;undeveloped depressed areas; community problem; sectoral support; underpaid person; incentives for the development of territories

Summary/Abstract: The aim of the publication is to generalize experience of the specialized agencies and development institutions on the isolation and identification of depressed areas of the US, Canada and EU countries, management processes of economic development and formulation of proposals to extend the existing experience of local bodies of state and local government. It was noted that the first attempts of the regulatory state intervention in regional development in Canada was initiated due to the global economic crisis of 1929-1933. The most character of such interference has become to address the economic consequences of the Second World War to certain regions of the USA, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy and Japan. Systematic work in this direction was done with the 60th of XX century in the United States, Canada, and in the 90 years – the number of Central and Eastern Europe. Multilevel criteria for the identification of areas of concern individual countries are dividedinto federal (national) and regional (territorial). The main economic mechanisms implemented specifically created to support the troubled areas of organizational structures today are: grants, subsidies; access to public contracts; tax reduction; reduction of interest on the loan; micro credit; guarantees; a new mechanism of innovation development; sectoral support; comprehensive infrastructure and industries; organization of industrial parks and business zones; support for small and medium enterprises; development of clusters.