Condition and problems of innovative development of industrial enterprises of Ukraine Cover Image

Стан та проблеми інноваційного розвитку промислових підприємств України
Condition and problems of innovative development of industrial enterprises of Ukraine

Author(s): Y. Holei
Subject(s): Economy, Business Economy / Management
Published by: Дніпропетровський національний університет імені Олеся Гончара
Keywords: innovation activity; activation; scientific and innovative potential; state and regional support;engineering;

Summary/Abstract: For realization of integration to the EU, the growth of innovation activity is an important key to economic development of the country. However, the absence of efficient incentives for innovation and state support of high–technology companies indicates that the appropriate conditions and the environment for innovative entrepreneurship in Ukraine were not created.The aim of the research is to highlight unsolved problems of innovative development, to identify the factors that slow down the activation of innovation activity of industrial enterprises, in particular in the field of machine–building, and to form the ways to overcome them. To achieve the goal, we applied general scientific and comparative analytical methods.It was found that financing innovation programs requires significant funds. Unfortunately, the government allocates only 1–2% of the total required funds, and as the consequence of it, the main source of financing of innovation activity is still the enterprises’ own money, the share of which in 2013 increased significantly and amounted to 72.9% of the total amount of expenditures. We found that the stimulation of innovative development would promote the adoption of positive experience from the industrially developed countries. It was stressed that among the key instruments for the promotion of applied scientific research and designs related to the implementation of advanced technology in the developed countries, a leading place is occupied by the availability of preferential taxation.By the research into theoretical positions and conducted statistical analysis of innovation activity of enterprises, we identified conditions required for the implementation of innovative products at the industrial enterprises of Ukraine:- enhancing the participation of national and regional bodies in the coordination and control of the work of industrial enterprises with the increase in the volume of financing for innovation programs;- increase of the share of new kinds of machines, equipment, devices in the implementation of innovative products by industrial enterprises;- activation of the introduction of new forms of marketing strategy relative to the entering external markets with their own kinds of innovative products.The scientific novelty of the obtained results is based on the proposal for a new approach of using available resources of activation of innovation activity of industrial enterprises, in particular DP "VO" Pivdenny Machine–Building Plant named after O.M. Makarov"; on improvement in current legislation by taking into account positive foreign experience of tax stimulation of innovation activity.In the further studies of the problems of innovation development of industrial enterprises of Ukraine, the development of measures will be considered to improve control at the state and regional level to overcome the obstacles to intensify innovation activity.

  • Issue Year: 23/2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 35-42
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Ukrainian