Prohibition of Politicaly Improper Literature in Kingdom Of Serbia in the Year 1891 Cover Image

Забрана политички неподобне литературе у Краљевини Србији 1891. године
Prohibition of Politicaly Improper Literature in Kingdom Of Serbia in the Year 1891

Author(s): Vladimir M. Jovanović
Subject(s): History
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd
Keywords: Kingdom of Serbia; Ministery of police; Topola; Karadjordje Petrovic; Kosta Nenadovic; Jovan Ristic; Jovan Djaja

Summary/Abstract: To control public space and stream of printed word in to the masses, were some of fundamental techniques of police System in all of the European monarchies, trougout 18th and 19th century. Nevertheless the fact that most of it`s population still was completely illiterate, in Kingdom of Serbia, it was a task of utmost importance too. Police administration of Obrenovic dynasty, used every given shance to prevent the import of politicaly destructive literature in to the country. Socialist, anachist or various extreme religious monographies and papers, were objects of special interest, being hunted down and flushed out from society, time and time again. Strong censorship policy was also implemented in to the field of historiography, for the sake of political and dynastic reasons. As a creator of a second national dynasty, in year 1815, duke Milosh Obrenovic could afirm his power only after a successive assassinations, organised to prevent other leaders in Serbia to put in danger positions of new ruler. As a crown of more than dozen killings, came a political execution of former Serbian leader, Karadjordje Petrovic. This dark parts of a first Obrenovic`s political path were not ignored by the latter historians. However, in the second half of 19th century, nobody wanted to remember those painful episodes of the past. Apart from members of the rival dynasty ofcourse, the Karadjordjevic, who were living in exile. Bearing that in mind, it was not unusuall that police in Belgrade was alarmed, when it learned that a book that was written to venerate Karadjordje Petrovic was published in Wienna, in year 1883. As Kosta Nenadovic, the author of publication and a relative of a Karadjordjevic family insisted, his book was an endeavor to accurate the historical unjuctice brought to the memory of Karadjordge, the leader of First Serbian uprising. However, his work could be and was seen as a destructive political gesture, an atempt to damage a cult of duke Milosh, founder of Obrenovic dynasty. That was a main reason, why Nenadovic`s effort to bring in to Serbia his monography next year, was discouraged. Minister of police immediately prevented his actions, by a secret demand sent to the police officials trougout country. Similar attempts made by the writter, in year 1891, ended in formal order to exclude his book from a list of legaly imported literature. Police experts in Belgrade concluded that his work was such a threat to a state security and image of a ruling dynasty, that it should stay prohibited permanently.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 31
  • Page Range: 237-258
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Serbian