Official America and the Question of Hungarian Revisionism between the World Wars Cover Image

Az amerikai kormányzati körök és a magyar revízió kérdése a két világháború között
Official America and the Question of Hungarian Revisionism between the World Wars

Author(s): Éva Mathey
Subject(s): Interwar Period (1920 - 1939)
Published by: AETAS Könyv- és Lapkiadó Egyesület

Summary/Abstract: The dismemberment of historic Hungary by the Trianon Peace Treaty was an overarching national tragedy for the Hungarian nation. Trianon became a common denominator for Hungarians during the period between the wars, and it provided the Horthy regime with a powerful unifying force, and the revision of Hungary’s frontiers was considered to be inevitable. Consequently, revisionist propaganda assumed great importance. Since it could not be directly part of the official political discourse, propaganda found new semi-official and popular channels. Hungarian revisionist policies and propaganda were primarily directed toward European powers such as France, Great Britain, and, from the second half of the 1930s, Italy and Germany. At the same time, the study of archival as well as secondary sources has revealed that Hungarians during the interwar period (especially in the 1920s) had high expectations toward the United States of America as a potential supporter of the revision of the Treaty of Trianon. Nothwithstanding the fact that the United States pursued the policy of political non-entanglement relative to the affairs of Europe after World War I, and completely withdrew from the Paris peace project and did not become a member of the League of Nations, Hungarians cherished the hope that the United States would support Hungary’s search to revise the terms of the Trianon Peace Treaty. Based on the documents of the American State Department, including the official as well as the personal papers and/or the memoirs of American officials in charge of Hungarian affairs between the wars, and the views of Senator William Edgar Borah of Idaho on the revision of the Treaty of Trianon, the present essay offers to analyze the official American position toward Hungary and the revision of the Treaty of Trianon, and sets out to answer the question whether such expectations were well-grounded or rather amounted to wishful thinking.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 109-126
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Hungarian