The French and the Russians in the Mirror of Language: Mutual Reflections (With Reference to Ethnonymic and Toponymic Derivatives) Cover Image
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«Французы» и «русские» в зеркале языка: взаимные отражения (на материале этнонимических и топонимических дериватов)
The French and the Russians in the Mirror of Language: Mutual Reflections (With Reference to Ethnonymic and Toponymic Derivatives)

Author(s): Elena L. Berezovich, Galina N. Kabakova
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Ústav pro jazyk český Akademie věd České republiky
Keywords: ethnonymy; toponymy; semantic derivation; lexical motivation; dialect vocabulary; Russian; French

Summary/Abstract: The article analyzes certain lexical units of the Russian and French languages which function as semantic and morphological derivatives of ethnonyms and macrotoponyms: in Russian – derivatives of the ethnonyms француз, галл and toponyms Франция, Париж; in French – derivatives of the words Russe, Russien ‘Russian’, Cosaque ‘Cossack’ → ‘a Russian soldier’ → ‘Russian’, Moscou ‘Moscow’, Moscovite (archaic) ‘an inhabitant of Muscovy, Russian’. Additionally, the article focuses on set expressions containing the above-mentioned words. Considering this material, the authors conduct a contrastive study of cultural and linguistic images of the French and the Russians (in Russian and French, respectively). The article studies the following thematic spheres of secondary semantics: “Character traits, behaviour”; “Diseases”; “Appearance”; “Language”; “The quality of life, welfare”; “History”. The authors reveal the motivation of language facts, analyze the evaluative components in their meaning and draw conclusions about the main patterns in the development of the images of the nations in question.

  • Issue Year: LVI/2016
  • Issue No: 56
  • Page Range: 25-45
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Russian