Some Characteristics of Albanian Composers of the 20th Century from Kosova Cover Image
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Some Characteristics of Albanian Composers of the 20th Century from Kosova
Some Characteristics of Albanian Composers of the 20th Century from Kosova

Author(s): Zeqirja Ballata
Subject(s): History, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Music
Published by: Институт за изследване на изкуствата, Българска академия на науките
Keywords: L. Antoni; R. Muliqi; K.Lekaj; M. Kaçinari; V. Gjini; E. Rizvanolli; F. Beqiri; A. Koci; Z. Ballata; R. Dhomi; R. Rudi; Gj. Gjevelekaj; B. Shehu; M. Mengjiqi; B. Mulliqi; B. Jashari; V. Beqiri.

Summary/Abstract: Difficult life, unemployment, education that was not provided in native language of Albanians who remained against their wish under Serbia, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and Yugoslavia, presented a way of living under human dignity. There was no education institution in the field of music in Kosova until World War Two. Lorenc Antoni (1909–1991) and Rexho Muliqi (1923–1982) were born at the end of the first decade and the beginning of the second decade. The former was a composer, pedagogue, conductor, and collector of Albanian folk music since World War Two. The latter studied in difficult circumstances and was a composer making use of Albanian music folklore and compositional-technical means and the language of the late Romanticism. The second generation, born in the 1930s, had more members who graduated in different music branches: Kristë Lekaj (1935), Mark Kaçinari (1935- 85), Vinçenc Gjini (1935), Esat Rizvanolli, (1936–2006), Fahri Beqiri, (1936) and Akil M. Koci (1936). Lekaj, Kaçinari but also Gjini use similar means and music language; Rizvanolli and Beqiri use more advanced elements. A. Koci includes dispersed means. The 1940s brought the generation of educated composers such as Zeqirja Ballata (1943), Rauf Dhomi (1945) and Rafet Rudi (1949); the first and the third specialized in Italy and France (all of them, in their works, shape music language in their own way). There are also composers who were born in the 1950s such as: Gjon Gjevelekaj (1951), Bashkim Shehu (1952), Mendi Mengjiqi (1958), and Bahri Mulliqi (1959), but there are also two composers who were born in the 1960s, Baki Jashari (1960) and Valton Beqiri (1967), and they belong almost to the same generation; some of them, here and there, use more advanced composing-technical means.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 9
  • Page Range: 283-292
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: English