Economic sanctions at the beginning of the third millennium Cover Image

Ekonomické sankce na počátku 3. tisíciletí
Economic sanctions at the beginning of the third millennium

Author(s): Radka Druláková, Zuzana Trávníčková, Štěpánka Zemanová
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Ústav mezinárodních vztahů
Keywords: international relations; international trade; economic sanctions; embargo; United Nations; European Union

Summary/Abstract: The enforcement of obligations in international relations is not governed by a supranational authority; sanctions (economic, diplomatic, communication) represent one of the possible ways in which a state may put through its rights and interests. The group of economic sanctions is very wide, and it covers measures affecting trade or financial flows (e. g. boycotts, embargoes, prohibitions on investment, payments and capital movements, withdrawal of tariff preference). The text concerns multilateral sanctions regimes applied by the United Nations and the European Union. The paper describes procedures leading to the authorization of sanctions and the circumstances under which the restrictive measures are usually applied. In both cases, the main development and widest use of sanctions occurred in the 1990s. Current economic measures are set with regard to the basic needs of common people, and they should only target the responsible elites (smart sanctions).

  • Issue Year: 44/2009
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 66-85
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Czech