Self-efficacy And Time Orientation In Students Of The Faculty Of Philosophy In Niš Cover Image

Samoefikasnost i vremenska orijentacija kod studenata Filozofskog fakulteta u Nišu
Self-efficacy And Time Orientation In Students Of The Faculty Of Philosophy In Niš

Author(s): Jasmina Nedeljković, Aleksandra Kostić
Subject(s): Psychology
Published by: Универзитет у Нишу
Keywords: Self-Efficacy; Five time orientation factors; Individual differences; Students

Summary/Abstract: The goal of this research is to determine the rate of success in predicting a level of self-efficacy against five time orientation dimensions. Zimbardo and Boyd (1999) think that time orientation is a relatively stable personality trait determined by the individual’s culture, education, religion, social class, and family. According to these authors there are five time orientation factors: past negative, present hedonistic, future, past positive and present fatalistic. The self-efficiency construct reflects optimistic self-beliefs (Schwarzer, 1992), which facilitates the setting of goals, effortful investment, perseverance in spite of obstacles, and recovery from failure. It may be viewed as a positive resistance factor. The study comprised 135 students of both sexes. Zimbardo and Boyd’s Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI, 1997) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (Jerusalem & Schwarzer, 1979) were used. Results have shown that the 0.59 multiple correlation coefficient is statistically significant. There is a linear correlation in the population between the set of predictors taken together on the one hand and self-efficacy on the other. A part of total variability of the criterion variable that can be explained based on the differences among students in terms of time orientation is 32% (the accommodated multiple determination coefficient is 0.319). In terms of individual segments, the “present hedonistic” provides the biggest individual contribution to the explanation ofindividual differences in terms of self-efficacy. “Future orientation”, “present fatalistic” and “past negative” follow. The only predictor which does not provide this partial contribution is “past positive”. The con-clusion is that self-efficacy is more prominent in energetic, non-religious, very organized and committed participants with rich interpersonal relations who do not believe in destiny.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 03
  • Page Range: 1103-1113
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Serbian