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Znovu k Vachkově teorii psané formy jazyka
Vachek’s theory of written language revisited

Author(s): Vilém Kodýtek
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Ústav pro jazyk český Akademie věd České republiky
Keywords: linguistic norm; speech and writing; silent reading; Josef Vachek

Summary/Abstract: The key points of Josef Vachek’s theory of written language (Vachek, 1939, rev. 1959) can be summarized as follows: (1) Speech and writing are complementary, i.e., for a given communicative situation, one is more convenient than the other. Writing serves, as a rule, more specialized functions (purposes) than speech does, which makes it the marked member of the pair. (2) Writing is (a) governed by a norm of its own (social aspect), and (b) no longer a second-order semiotic system for experienced readers (cognitive aspect). Quite recently, Adam (2009) has criticized Vachek’s approach as being old-fashioned and empirically inadequate, and has suggested replacing it with a theory based “on the substance only”. The purpose of the present paper is to recall Vachek’s theory and to demonstrate that most of Adam’s arguments are irrelevant or misleading.

  • Issue Year: 72/2011
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 118-129
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Czech