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Спектър на логиките на задаване на въпроси
A Spectrum of Logics of Questioning

Author(s): Jaakko Hintikka
Subject(s): Philosophy, Epistemology, Logic, Special Branches of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Language
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: logic; logic and foundations of mathematics; questioning; logics of questioning; interrogative games; interrogative model; interrogation; logic of experimental inquiry; dialogue;

Summary/Abstract: The leading idea in this essay concerns knowledge-seeking through questioning. Asking a question and receiving an answer (an interrogative move) is radically different from a logical deduction (a logical inference move). However, from a strategic viewpoint, the two steps are parallel, in the sense that the principles guiding the choice of the best questions to ask are analogous with the strategic principles guiding the choice of the best logical inferences that can be drawn from given premises. Another main insight that the interrogative approach yields is the possibility of a rational, and even logical, theory of discovery. In that case, the problem of justification becomes redundant; nevertheless, we can develop an interesting and rich theory of discovery, of which the centerpiece is the problem of optimal question selection.

  • Issue Year: XXV/2016
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 62-74
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English, Bulgarian