Кјеркегор о жени и еманципацији

Author(s): Bojan Blagojevic
Subject(s): Gender Studies, 19th Century Philosophy
Published by: Универзитет у Нишу
Keywords: Kierkegaard; feminism; emancipation; self; patriarchate

Summary/Abstract: The feminist critique of Kierkegaard's philosophy usually refers to the same passages of his writing: the accounts of the feminine, ie. passive despair given in The Sickness unto Death, the differences between the feminine and masculine self in The Concept of Anxiety, the accounts of the types of passive existence through selected female literary characters in the first volume of Either/Or and the paternalistic positioning of the women in marriage in the second volume of Either/Or and Stages on Life's Way. However, there are significant dissents even within the feminist interpretations of the stated passages: they are seen as indubious signs of Kierkegaard's misoginy, as a part of an ironic tactics directed at the Church of Denmark and the position of woman it promoted, or as an incentive directed towards the woman, the female reader, to reflect her cultural and historical circumstances. However, the feminist critique overlooks the passages in which Kierkegaard speaks of specific individuals: his contemporaries Thomasine Gyllembourg and Johanne Heiberg, and the Virgin Mary. One can conclude from these passages that Kierkegaard's sexism stays limited to the typologies and his choice of metaphores, while his demand directed to female individuals stays as rigorous as his demand directed to individuals in general: to fight for their freedom, as well as for their authenticity, on their own, without blending into mass movements of any kind.

  • Issue Year: XL/2016
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 423-436
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Serbian