The culture’s key words in the case of a close proximity of cultures and affinity of languages (DUSZA ‘soul’ – SERCE ‘heart’) Cover Image
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Słowa klucze kultury w sytuacji bliskiego sąsiedztwa kultur i powinowactwa językowego (dusza – serce)
The culture’s key words in the case of a close proximity of cultures and affinity of languages (DUSZA ‘soul’ – SERCE ‘heart’)

Author(s): Aleksandra Niewiara
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: culture’s key words; evolution of language and values; linguistic and cultural interferences

Summary/Abstract: The article refers to Anna Wierzbicka’s diagnosis about the existence of culture’s key words, and in particular – her opinion that the word душа ‘soul’ is the key of the Russian culture which explains the specificity of the Russian ethnopsychological model of the human being. Through a semantic and pragmatic analysis of contemporary and former Polish and Ruthenian lexis, idioms, and forms of the linguistic etiquette, the author discusses the possibility of treating the Polish word dusza ‘soul’ or the Polish word serce ‘heart’ as the key to understanding the Polish culture and ethnopsychological model of man. Former contacts with Ruthenian languages and cultures probably strengthened the significance of the concept of "#$%& in the Polish culture, which remains important even today. However, it is the concept of heart ($)*+)) that can be successfully used to explain the vision of man and the Polish hierarchy of values.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 20
  • Page Range: 291-304
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Polish