Normalization of Yugoslavia’s Diplomatic Relations with Hungary and Bulgaria 1953-1954 Cover Image

Нормализација дипломатских односа Југославије са Мађарском и Бугарском 1953-1954
Normalization of Yugoslavia’s Diplomatic Relations with Hungary and Bulgaria 1953-1954

Author(s): Vladimir Lj. Cvetković
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: Yugoslavia; Hungary; Bulgaria; diplomatic relations; East European Countries; Soviet Union; Cold War

Summary/Abstract: At the moment of Stalin’s death Yugoslavia’s relations with Hungary and Bulgaria were at their lowest. Changes which soon started in Moscow and which were increasingly visible, gave hope that these relations could be improved. Many signs of change of attitude toward Yugoslav diplomats were suggesting that. However, due to great dependence of Hungary and Bulgaria on USSR, it was only the Soviet proposal to appoint a new ambassador to Belgrade in June 1953 which decisively spurred a similar process to begin in the satellite countries, first of all in Hungary and Bulgaria. Hungary launched its initiative to improve relations with Yugoslavia in August 1953 and the ambassadors were exchanged by the end of the year. It was soon followed by relaxing of police surveillance, greater freedom of movement of diplomats and toning down of anti-Yugoslav propaganda, which led to normal diplomatic communication between the two neighboring countries by the end of 1954. Bulgaria was the second country of „people’s democracy“ which asked for an agreement to send its ambassador to Belgrade in late August 1953. However, it lasted until September 1954 until every discrimination against Yugoslav diplomats in Sofia stopped after the visit of the Soviet prime minister Saburof there. This fortified the Yugoslav authorities in their belief that normalization of relations with Hungary and Bulgaria, at their own asking, was part of the general Soviet strategic approach aimed at bringing Yugoslavia eventually back into the Eastern block.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 117-135
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Serbian