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Структурните предпоставки на социалната свобода
The Structural Prerequisites of Social Freedom

Author(s): Todor Petkov Todorov
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: freedom; restrictions; democracy; subordination; manipulations

Summary/Abstract: Subject to analysis in the paper is the examination of personal freedom and freedom of social communities as an incorporated system of freedoms connected to different aspects of social structure. Freedom itself is perceived as a real state of interrelation between two material systems (objects), where the discussed and analyzed system holds aspects of independence, insubordination and lack of restrictions from the other system. The paper ascertains the traditional reduction of social freedom to the political and ideological democratic freedoms only, indicating classical cases of such interpretation in the theoretical analyses. The author adduces the criteria for characterizing societies with democratic freedoms and societies without or woth limited democratic freedoms, used in the analyses of researchers as Max Webber, George Orwell, Jelyu Jelev, Francis Fukayama, Erich Fromm, Samuel Huntington, etc. The research reveals the insufficiency and the contradiction as consequences of the one-sidedness and the limitations of the evaluation characteristics for the democratic society. On the basis of the analytical examination of the social practice of the ongoing democratic transition in Bulgaria, as well as by adducing examples of the world history of the advanced democratic societies of today, the paper draws theoretical conclusions about the complex structure of the different types of social freedoms in accordance with the spheres of social interaction. The author gives arguments for the objective subordination and hierarchical arrangement of different social freedoms. The accent is put on the necessity of recognizing the leading role of the economic freedoms toward political, moral, religious and other ‘civilization’ freedoms.

  • Issue Year: XVII/2008
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 147-156
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Bulgarian