Coins from the Early-Medieval Burial Ground at Wawrzeńczyce, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Igołomia-Wawrzeńczyce Commune, County of Krakow (Site 32) Cover Image
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Monety z cmentarzyska wczesnośredniowiecznego w Wawrzeńczycach, woj. małopolskie,gm. Igołomia–Wawrzeńczyce, pow. krakowski ziemski (stanowisko 32)
Coins from the Early-Medieval Burial Ground at Wawrzeńczyce, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Igołomia-Wawrzeńczyce Commune, County of Krakow (Site 32)

Author(s): Anna Mazur, Mateusz Woźniak, Krzysztof Mazur
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Cultural history, Middle Ages, 6th to 12th Centuries
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: early-medieval burial ground;obol of the dead;Lesser Poland

Summary/Abstract: The early-medieval burial ground of Wawrzeńczyce was discovered by accident in 2003. As a result of the performance of five excavation operations, 1,610 m2of the site’s area were explored, with the outcome of 546 pre- and early-historyartefacts. As many as 129 skeletal burials were also unearthed over the entire area under exploration. Nearly a half of them (63) contained funeral fittings. In total, 21 medieval coins and some modern-era coins, unrelated to the burial ground,were found in 19 burials. Definitely the largest group comprised coins from German mints, particularly pennies from Saxony (so-called Sachsenpfennige).Polish coinage was represented by three coins: two pennies of Władysław I Herman(1079–1102) and one from the Duchy of Głogów in the name of ConradSpindleshanks (1177–1180/1190) or Bolesław I the Tall (1163–1201). Two coinsfrom Hungary, in the names of Kings Stephan I (997–1038) and Andrew I (1046––1060), were found as well (significantly, the first Hungarian coins ever foundin the burials of the historic province of Lesser Poland). The burial ground hadbeen used most likely from the latter half, or possibly from the final quarter, ofthe 11th century, until presumably as late as the first quarter of the 13th century.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 10
  • Page Range: 131-147
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Polish