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Феноменологичният дискурс на категорият
The Phenomenological Discourse of the Category

Author(s): Silvia Krasteva
Subject(s): Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Phenomenology
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: Kant; table of categories (Kategorientafel); general concepts of classes: quality; quantity; relation; modality; discourse: range of a category; world-constructing; ontological models/beginnings upon

Summary/Abstract: One of the fundamental results of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason is the deduction of the system of the categories of understanding and the defining of the category only as an intellectual mode for producing the objects of knowledge. This poses the categories in active connection with the sensible manifold, but also raises the question as to how the categories participate in constructing an object. Kant formulates the problem of the necessary connection between category and appearance and offers two main approaches for its solution. The first approach, related to the categories, is based on the „combinatorics“ of the categories themselves, which fulfills the conceptual map of all thinking. The second approach uses other ways, which operate by means of the conditions of sensibility. The aim of this article is to proceed further in the first approach and to deduce a special condition that provides the pure categorical approach to the phenomena. By considering this condition, we formulate the search for the discourse of the categories, the term that Kant uses to define the categorical participation in knowledge. The discourse of a category is the field for formatting the objects as parts of experience, as the totality of all objects. The discourse is directed by the higher conceptual points in the synthesis of the appearances; these are the four general concepts of classes in the system of categories. Each discourse is developed as a model of world-constructing, with its own type of objects, relations, ultimate reason of totality. Through this are outlined the basic conditions in the general project of ontology.

  • Issue Year: XXIV/2015
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 84-93
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Bulgarian