„Balkan Knot“ And The First World War Cover Image
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„Балкански чвор“ и Први светски рат
„Balkan Knot“ And The First World War

Author(s): Momčilo Pavlović
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institut za savremenu istoriju, Beograd
Keywords: Balkan knot; Balkan; Austro-Hungary; Russia; Germany; Serbia; Bulgaria; conflicts; alliances

Summary/Abstract: Until 1914 „Balkan knot“ can be understood and displayed as series of mutual conflicts, alliances and diplomatic actions of the Balkan states from the Congress of Berlin in 1878 until the outbrake od First World War, and, but it can also be understood, as cross interests of the great powers in this area, especially Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires. Decisive impact, with consequences of long duration, until the outbreak of First World War in the Balkans had at least three events: the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908, and the Balkan Wars 1912–1913. After the Second Balkan War, Balkan states were maneuvering to gain the most favorable position for future events, while great powers were trying to attract and bind them to their interests and alliances. In 1913 and 1914 Balkan Peninsula was in a state od tension and Balkan states, not only because od the nresolved questions of Albania and Aegean islands, but also for other boundary disputes, were disjointed and conflicting. The rivalry of the great powers only increased the discord. Opposing and warring Balkan states accounted this area of Europe to be a powder keg that exploded in the year of 1914. Austro-Hungarian Empire wanted war with Serbia, and found a convenient cause in murder of the Crown Prince in Sarajevo. From that moment and for the next four weeks diplomatic and military preparations were conducted, and alliances were secured by. Hope and plan that the war would be conducted only between Austria-Hungary and Serbia turned out to be a disastrous mistake. Despite the absence of solid evidence that the Serbian government was implicated in the assassination and conciliatory gestures and statements by Serbian government, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. A few days after that, war has become a European and global scale event.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 12
  • Page Range: 27-42
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian