One-Syllable Words at the Beginnings of Syntactic Segments in Spoken Czech Cover Image

Si představ, by mě zajímalo, ti to ukážu: Jednoslabičné začátky syntaktických segmentů v mluvené češtině
One-Syllable Words at the Beginnings of Syntactic Segments in Spoken Czech

Author(s): Jana Hoffmannová, Olga Richterová
Subject(s): Applied Linguistics, Syntax
Published by: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, Vydavatelství
Keywords: spoken Czech; spoken corpora; corpus annotation; speech segmentation; one-syllable words at the beginning of utterances / turns in dialogue

Summary/Abstract: The paper deals with a phenomenon frequently encountered in the syntax of spoken Czech, namelyone-syllable words, mostly of pronominal or verbal nature (se, si, sem, ste, sme, mě, mi, mu, tě, ti, bych,bys, by…) at the beginning of syntactic segments. At this stage, the analysis focuses on three forms:by, si, ti. The authors address the issue of the difficult identification of segment boundaries, includingthe influence of turn-taking in dialogue. The data was taken from the ORAL2013 corpus; thepaper further looks into the usefulness of this corpus for the investigation of dialogue syntax, itsquery options and the possible interpretation of the presented evidence. The results have shown sofar that the one-syllable beginnings in question are based on the elision of certain, mostly pronominal,expressions, or less frequently on word-order inversion. Furthermore, to a certain extent, theycorrelate with selected non-verbal discourse phenomena (longer pauses, silence, laughter), withsyntactic phenomena (repetitions, corrections, parentheses, aposiopesis, etc.) and also with speakerturn-taking and topic change.

  • Issue Year: 97/2015
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 9-20
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Czech