The United States ’ public attitudes on Montenegro in the Balkan Wars 1912-1913 Cover Image

Јавност Сједињених Америчких Држава о Црној Гори у Балканским ратовима
The United States ’ public attitudes on Montenegro in the Balkan Wars 1912-1913

Author(s): Biljana Vučetić
Subject(s): History
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: USA; Press; Balkan Wars 1912-1913; Public Opinion

Summary/Abstract: The Balkan Wars 1912-1913 have brought the change in American public opinion considering growing sympathies towards Balkan people. At the beggining of XX century American newspapers had no special interest in Balkan affairs. Moreover, the reports on Serbia and Montenegro created the image which could not be described as positive one. Most of the articles considering Balkan states were taken over from European press, which condemned Serbian king Peter`s accession to the throne. Also, many information in American press were provided by Montenegrin immigrants, who tended to defame king Nicolas of Montenegro. The series of events on the world stage in the first decade of XX century slowly began to change the american perspective, which culminated with the events in 1912. The newspapers shared detailed information on military campaigns, particularly during the siege of Scutari. In many articles appeared suspicion for the intentions of so called Old monarchies, Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. It was obvious that soon time is coming for a big European strife, and that the USA should take interest in European problems, principally for the current one in the Balkans. American public opinion supported national movements of Balkan peoples. This kind of attitude remained during the WW I, having its peak in the policy of president Woodrow Wilson and his influence on the drawing of the new map of Europe at the Versaille Conference in 1919.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 79-96
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Serbian