After the Wilson`s 14 Points: the Oppressed Nationalities at the Congress of Rome (April 1918) Cover Image
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After the Wilson`s 14 Points: the Oppressed Nationalities at the Congress of Rome (April 1918)
After the Wilson`s 14 Points: the Oppressed Nationalities at the Congress of Rome (April 1918)

Author(s): Andrea Carteny
Subject(s): History
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: nationalities, Congress, 1918; Rome, Albertini, Italy, Eastern front; Austria-Hungary, desertion, propaganda, Yugoslavs, Romanians, Poles, Czechs; Slovaks

Summary/Abstract: After the Wilson points, in Italy too emerged in the public discourse the question to support or not the „oppressed nationalities” in Austria-Hungary. Luigi Albertini and the newspaper „Il Corriere della Sera” leaded this strategy, which meant to pass the positions of the London Pact and to prepare Italy to negotiate the Eastern claimed territories with new nations, as Yugoslavs. The Torre- Trumbic agreement was the important result of this action and political base for the Congress of Rome, in April 1918. This Congress was the beginning of the real support to the nationalities against Habsburgs. The propaganda over the enemy‘s trenches was fruitful: with more than 50 millions of posters and quite 10 millions of newspaper launched over the lines, Italian army called to a mass desertion the no German/ Hungarian soldiers (then belonging to the „oppressed nationalities”, e.g. Yugoslavs, Romanians, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks). This factor was one of the most relevant for the final victory

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 123-135
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: English