„10 PRAKTYCZNYCH SPOSOBÓW NA INTEGRACJĘ ROMÓW”, CZYLI ANALIZA WSPÓŁCZESNEJ SYTUACJI SPOŁECZNOŚCI ROMSKICH Z PERSPEKTYWY ANTROPOLOGII DARÓW
“HOW TO INTEGRATE THE ROMA: 10 PRACTICAL WAYS” OR AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONTEMPORARY SITUATION OF THE ROMA COMMUNITIES IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF GIFTS...
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Wydawnictwa AGH
Keywords: Roma integration; Roma inclusion; gifts exchange; ethnic minorities in Poland; economic anthropology
Summary/Abstract: The article is based on the results of ethnographic fieldwork in the local Bergitka Roma settlements in Poland and their social environment conducted over the past three years Roma communities in Poland are currently a subject of intensive interactions with the “mainstream society”, whose aim is socio-economic integration. Just as in the classic study of Marcel Mauss we also have to deal with an expected value exchange here. Mainstream society gives a gift in the form of funds for “integrative practices” and hopes that on the basis of reciprocity, Roma communities abandon those elements of their traditional way of life which can be problematic in a “democratic” and “integrated” society. The exchange of gifts is usually more of a symbolic action than satisfying “objective” needs. It is rather a sign of mutual recognition, a tactic to build social bonds. The text shows how the existing practice of integrating by gifts sometimes leads to moral humiliation.
- Issue Year: 13/2014
- Issue No: 3
- Page Range: 145-164
- Page Count: 20