Evolution of the notion of „consumer” in the Polish civil law Cover Image

Ewolucja pojęcia „konsument” w polskim prawie cywilnym
Evolution of the notion of „consumer” in the Polish civil law

Author(s): Piotr Kukuryk
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu
Keywords: notion of consumer; definition; evolution; implementation of EU law; Civil Code

Summary/Abstract: The recently completed legislative work which aim was to enforce the decisions of the 2011/83/EU Directive into Polish law on consumer rights encouraged further discussions about the optimal shape of the Civil Code definition of a consumer. The main point of this paper is to present the evolution of the term of consumer in the Polish Civil Law in a concise way. In particular, the paper makes an analysis of the Civil Law definitions as formulated consecutively in Article 384, Item 3 of the Civil Code and in Article 221 of the Civil Code (in valid wording before and after the amendment which was introduced by the 30 May 2014 Act on consumer rights). The benchmark for the discussion in question was the term of consumer as defined by the European Union Law. Undoubtedly both the definition of the term of consumer and the accepted way of interpreting it have to be in accordance with the European Union Law.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 362
  • Page Range: 211-226
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Polish