Social Aspects of the Folk Costume Cover Image

Социални аспекти на народното облекло
Social Aspects of the Folk Costume

Author(s): Ganka Mihailova
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: In the sphere of material culture, the folk costume is a particularly indicative phenomenon on the character of social life, because, in comparison with the remaining spheres of material life the link between it and man is the closest and the. most direct. That is why it is possible for folk costumes to absorb and reflect the widest range of social information. Dress is the beneficial subject of folk culture which, besides satisfying the practical needs of life, also most successfully plays the part of a specific specific of features concerning the tangible strengthening and expression of cultural and social manifestations. Hence the great importance of studies of folk costume as a source of knowledge about the people's socio-historical development. Considered on the basis of the Bulgarian patriarchal village the folk costume appears as part of the intricate mechanisn for strengthening and regulating traditional life. It functions in connection with the most essential events in the life of patriarchal man: the changes in his social roles, passing from one age and. productive group to another and from one family status to another. The line of this passing expresses the road of the gradual socialization of patriarchal man until he becomes a full-fledged patriarchal personality. In structure and function the Bulgarian folk costume reveals precisely this process of a gradual socialisation of the personality. As a symbol and a sign of group appurtenance it shows the circle of obligatory traditional norms of relationships in the patriarchal group and helps to strengthen, reproduce and regulate them. The folk costume thus stands out as a subsystem which functions within the entire system of the traditional-patriarchal society, entirely connected with it and at the same time helping the reproduction of traditional life.

  • Issue Year: 1976
  • Issue No: 3-4
  • Page Range: 5-23
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Bulgarian