The Social and Class Zoning of the Population in Sofia under Capitalism (1878 — 1944) Cover Image
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Социално-класовото зониране на софийското население при капитализма (1878—1944)
The Social and Class Zoning of the Population in Sofia under Capitalism (1878 — 1944)

Author(s): Georgi Georgiev
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The author considers the question of the location of the population on the territory of Sofia in the period of capitalism. His basic conclusion is that, in contrast to the period of feudalism, the principles of zoning the population in separate city sections changed under the new historical conditions. The social and class appurtenance of the individual acquired the principal importance, regardless of his national or religious status. The mechanism by means of which zoning was implemented on this basis was the laws of capitalism and above all that of the ground rent. The author establishes that three basic social and class categories occupied districts or sectors specific for them on the territory of the city, locating themselves for their own part in the form of concentric bands around the city centre. The social and class aspect of the individual districts or city sectors was dynamic and most of them changed their social characterization as the city developed. The process of forming microstructures within the framework of the individual zones is traced on the basis of social and class zoning. They unite the individual categories of the population in accordance with their professional affiliation, place of origin, the time and reasons for their settling in the city. In conclusion, the author notes the significance of the social and class zoning as an objective prerequisite for the appearance and development of specifics in the way of life and culture of the population of Sofia in the period of capitalism

  • Issue Year: 1979
  • Issue No: 3-4
  • Page Range: 29-45
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Bulgarian