The Balkans on the Treshold of the Third Millennium Cover Image
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Балканите на прага на третото хилядолетие
The Balkans on the Treshold of the Third Millennium

Author(s): Plamen Tzvetkov
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН

Summary/Abstract: In the beginning of the second millennium the Balkans were still in the process of formation of their nationalities. It is evident from the written sources, from anthropology and archeology that the Bulgarization of Mizia, Tracia, and Macedonia was a continuous process, which started in the beginning of the VI century hut ended not until the middle of the XIII century. In return for it towards the year of 1000 the Greeks, the Albanians, the Romanians (Wallachians and Moldavians), the Southern Slavs (Serbians, Croatians and Slovenes) had already brought to an end their migration to the Balkans and had reclaimed the corresponding territories. The last to come were the Osman Turks. The centuries-old Osman rule had been painfully experienced by the Balkan Christians but at the same time due to the religious difference between the Sultan and his Christian subjects the church gained for the first time certain autonomy. Thus the Balkan peoples began to study the difficult lesson about self-ruling hut still preserved a number of patriarchal traits which later made them more susceptible to communism than the Central European nations. The fate of the Balkan peoples during XIX—XX century unambiguously proves that the small countries can be preserved and develop adequately only in a community of democratic states. On the other hand, mankind can survive only as a diversity of various cultures, religions and nationalities and from that point of view the Balkan nations have time prospects

  • Issue Year: 27/1995
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 80-92
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian