Sociological Inquiry Roşia-Poieni Cover Image

Sociological Inquiry Roşia-Poieni

Author(s): Ion Aluas
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: sociological research; socio-demographic structure; family; financial situation; labor force; professional choices; residential choices.

Summary/Abstract: This paper will present the sociological research carried out in the ’80s by the Department of Sociology at the University of Cluj, in view of settling an industrial enterprise – Roşia-Poieni Copper Mining Company – in the region of Apuseni Mountains. Beginning from the requirements of the Design Institute from Cluj, which was the beneficiary of this project, the research had several main objectives: 1) knowing the options for residence; 2) becoming aware of the labor force availability and of the professional options; 3) the dead reckoning of the financial situation of the families located in the researched areas; 4) becoming acquainted with the main features, the demographic and socio-professional characteristics of the entire population that is to be displaced. All these objectives came under the general purposes of research, i.e., that of highlighting the social and human implications of grounding a mining industrial plant in the investigated area and that of assessing the attitudes of the people born in that area towards the changes called forth by settling there that mining plant. An “inventory” of positive effects (the modernization of the socio-professional structure, the urbanization, the change of a predominantly rural-archaic way of living through an intensive uptake of urban standards by the entire population from the area, the upturn of their level of material living by increasing their cash income, the improvement of their living conditions and the betterment of the health service) and negative impacts (the danger of an excessive exodus form the area, the possible diminution of labor force in agriculture and, as a direct consequence, a reduction of the agricultural production) of the project resulted as a follow-up of the research conducted in the nine village-communes which were substantially involved in that project. The research revealed the favorable attitude of the local population (especially of the younger age groups) towards that particular project, but, at the same time, it also disclosed a certain opposition to the proposed changes (this was typical especially of the older age groups, but also of the wealthier ones).

  • Issue Year: X/2012
  • Issue No: 10
  • Page Range: 345-404
  • Page Count: 60
  • Language: Romanian