The Peculiarities of the Implementation and Incorporation of the Principles of European Charter of Local Self-Government in Lithuanian Local Governmen Cover Image

Europos vietos savivaldos chartijoje įtvirtintų principų įgyvendinimo vietos savivaldoje ir inkorporavimo nacionalinėje teisės sistemoje ypatumai
The Peculiarities of the Implementation and Incorporation of the Principles of European Charter of Local Self-Government in Lithuanian Local Governmen

Author(s): Algimantas Urmonas, Andrejus Novikovas
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence
Published by: Mykolas Romeris University
Keywords: local self-government; the principles of the European Charter of Local Self-Government; subsidiary and decentralization; finance autonomy; executive and local government

Summary/Abstract: The article emphasizes the importance of the Charter of Local Self-Goverbment to the Lithuanian national legal system. Lithuania has ratified the Charter, not only acknowledged, but also committed to implement its provisions. The Charter consists of 13 items representing the essence of local self-government, which sets the content and is the principal purpose of local public. The principles should be not only a declaratory move into the national legal system, but also recognized as a state’s obligation to follow them. The article analyzes the content of the Charter principles, their incorporation level in the national legal system. During the study noted that between the executive and local authorities are the differences of interpreting and dysfunctions implemented a few principles of the Charter: subsidiary and decentralization, local government financial autonomy and the freedom of formation executive local bodies. The authors provide the following conclusions: 1. The fundamental principles of the Charter of local self-government in the national legal system are incorporated differently. They also differ in their practice implementation of the executive and local government. Some principles are clearly governed by Lithuanian laws and they are followed in practice, other principles are of a low degree of implementation or interpretation perceived controversial among scientists and politicians. 2. There are the gaps between good intentions and implementation of decentralization process in the programs of political parties. Such a situation leads to excessive centralization of management, from top management to local authorities, all spheres of government, for example at the economic, organizational, legal level and etc. 3. The limitations of taxes and fees reduce the financial autonomy of municipalities. Municipalities have a lot of untapped reserves, increase income and to actively participate in urban and regional development project funding. If local self-government will have greater financial autonomy in formatting the local budget, it will be able to implement regional and local socio-economic development plans. 4. Public opinion and political decisions suggest that it is appropriate to reform the local governance structures, creating opportunities for voters to directly elect the executive power representatives of local government, i.e. mayors.

  • Issue Year: 18/2011
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 1019-1034
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Lithuanian