National Stalinism Charter: RWP’s Declaration of April  Cover Image
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Carta stalinismului naţional: Declaraţia PMR din aprilie
National Stalinism Charter: RWP’s Declaration of April

Author(s): Vladimir Tismăneanu
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institutul de Istorie Nicolae Iorga
Keywords: Declaration of April 1964, Romanian Communism, National Stalinism, International communist movement, Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej.

Summary/Abstract: The Declaration of April 1964 is known as a document that epitomized Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej’s policy of autonomy from Kremlin. At the same time, it provided the theoretical foundation for the foreign policy initiatives pursued by Dej's successor, Nicolae Ceauşescu. Although N. Ceauşescu avoided mentioning the Declaration in his post-1965, he remained faithful to its principles. In fact, Ceauşescu’s international stances were the direct continuation the political line spelled out in the Declaration. The Declaration proclaimed that all communist parties were equal within the international communist movement, that patronizing attitudes need to be rejected, and that all communist parties were free to choose their own path toward communism. Gheorghiu-Dej did not live long enough to see the outcomes of the major shift represented by the Declaration of April. Later, N. Ceauşescu turned Gheorghiu-Dej’s embryonic ethnic nationalism into increasingly chauvinistic policies. This synthesis of Leninist dogmas (first and foremost the leading role of the communist party) and resurgent far-right themes and motifs resulted in a national Stalinist experiment. Only apparently forgotten, the Declaration was in fact Ceauşescu’s national Stalinist Charter.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 23-30
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Romanian