Reconstrucția socialistă a orașului București (1948-
The socialist reconstruction of Bucharest (1948-1952)
Published by: Institutul de Istorie Nicolae Iorga
Keywords: Systematisation, Socialist reconstruction, Communist regime, Urban policy, Bucharest.
Summary/Abstract: The aim of this article is to analyse the impact of the political decision making regarding urban planning, together with the development of the city of Bucharest at the beginning of the communist regime. The economical and political transformations characteristic of the post-war period have created the premises for a transition from the inter-war urban planning to a new concept of reconstruction. The aforementioned concept was under a powerful ideological influence; it was set to build the „new socialist city”, in contrast to the old, „bourgeois” socio-political theories and practices. Con- sequently, between 1948 and 1952, the Romanian communist regime set the foundation of a centralised and politicised institutional system. A new administrative apparatus subdued to the interest of the new political system was thus created. This has marked the debut of the wielding of a strong political control over decision-making, thus opening a path towards certain urban transfigurations. The state governed over the phases of the building processes, from sketch to implementation, by regulating the investments and funding projects through annual and five-year plans. This reconsideration of urban systematisation allowed the state to develop new projects and programs both in the architectural and urban areas.
- Issue Year: 2014
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 5-22
- Page Count: 18
- Language: Romanian