The perfect and evidentiality in Bulgarian  Cover Image
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Перфект и связанная с ним грамматическая категория эвиденциальности в болгарском языке
The perfect and evidentiality in Bulgarian

Author(s): Ruselina Nitsolova
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Софийски университет »Св. Климент Охридски«

Summary/Abstract: The article focuses on the issue of which semantic properties of the perfect in the indicative in Bulgarian enhance its further grammaticalization into a novel grammatical subsystem – evidentilaity. A brief review is presented of the semantic load of the different types of evidential – conclusive, renarrative and dubitative, which can be deduced from the presuppositions of statements. Such presuppositions are preserved intact in the affirmative and negative forms of the statements, while in interrogatives the presuppositions are chosen by speaker in accordance with the presumed listener’s cognitive state in relation to the source of information and not with the speaker’s own. The place of the perfect in the temporal system of Bulgarian is discussed in a wider Reichenbachean framework. Also debated is the issue of the movement of the reference interval of the perfect in the past or in the future in relation to the pragmatic phenomenon of empathy or point of view. The basic semantic variability of the perfect in Bulgarian is described, including resultative perfect with its variant perfect of statement without an auxiliary in the 3rd p., the existential, the inferential perfect, and the perfect of hot news. The types of perfect that have given rise to the respective evidential are also specified.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 2-3
  • Page Range: 50-67
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Russian
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